Friday, March 25, 2022

PLEASE NOTE: The schedule is preliminary, tentative, and subject to change. We will live ‎stream and record keynote presentations and select breakout sessions for virtual ONLY ‎attendee participation. Pre-conference Workshops will be held onsite, for “in-person” only ‎participation.  Virtual Registration for the conference will be offered separately in early 2022 ‎for those who cannot or prefer not to travel. Thank you for your patience as navigate and ‎accommodate.‎




8:00am - 7:00pm    ‎ ‎ Registration ‎

‎8:00am – 8:30am ‎    Morning Meditation

‎7:00am – 9:00pm‎     EXHIBIT HALL OPEN

‎8:00am - 9:00am     General Attendee CONTINENTAL Breakfast

9:00am – 7:00pm‎     AAPB SYNERGY LOUNGE

  • Open all day, featuring prominent experts and AAPB-endorsed authors for open ‎discussion, experience sharing and informal networking - and opportunity to ‎reconnect and engage for non-CE learning. The Lounge is designed with virtual ‎capabilities to ensure connectivity between those present at the meeting and ‎those who can join us virtually.‎

‎9:00am - 10:15am    

KEY01: Keynote Address: Strength in Numbers: HRV, ‎Compassion, Connection
Presented by

  • Inna Khazan, PhD, BCB, BCB-HRV

SESSION SYNOPSIS: Human lives are always full of challenges. There is always need for ‎better resilience and self-regulation. The last ‎two years have been particularly challenging to ‎human connection, typically one of the main contributors to our ‎resilience. In this talk, we ‎discuss some of the common denominators to resilience and self-regulation   - HRV, ‎compassion, ‎and connection. We will discuss close physiological ties between these concepts ‎and practical ways to integrate ‎them into our lives in order to nurture resilience and self-‎regulation.

•    Hot Topics
•    Intermediate
•    ‎60% Clinical/40% Research‎

•    Explain physiological ties between HRV, compassion, and human connection
•    Discuss ways to integrate HRV and compassion practices into daily life
•    Utilize HRV and compassion practices in improving self-regulation and resilience‎

TARGET AUDIENCE: Anyone interested in learning more about the physiological ties ‎between HRV, compassion, and connection, as well ‎as ways to integrate practices based on ‎these concepts into our daily lives. ‎

DIVERSITY CONSIDERATIONS: We will discuss ways in which concepts of HRV, ‎compassion and connection apply to diverse groups. ‎

Inna Khazan, PhD, BCB is a faculty member at Harvard Medical School and a ‎clinical psychologist specializing in health psychology and performance ‎excellence training using biofeedback and mindfulness-based approaches. Dr. ‎Khazan is recognized as a pioneer in mindfulness-based biofeedback. She ‎teaches nationally and internationally, including at institutions such as the US ‎Navy Special Warfare, US Army Special Forces, and the Stuttgart Opera and ‎Ballet Company. Dr. Khazan is a member of the board of directors for the ‎Institute for Meditation and Psychotherapy (IMP), Association for Applied ‎Psychophysiology and Biofeedback (AAPB), and Biofeedback Certification ‎International Alliance (BCIA), where she is currently chair elect. Dr. Khazan is the ‎author of numerous journal articles and 2 books: Clinical Handbook of ‎Biofeedback: A Step-by-Step Guide to Training and Practice with Mindfulness ‎and Biofeedback and Mindfulness in Everyday Life: practical solutions for ‎improving your health and performance.‎


10:30am - 12:00pm      90-MINUTE BREAKOUT SESSIONS - SYMPOSIA

BOS01: Photobiomodulation as Adjunct Intervention for Neurofeedback

Presented By: ‎

  • Lew Lim, PhD, DNM, MBA

SESSION SYNOPSIS: Neurofeedback (NFB) provides information about the brain’s rhythms and ‎functioning in real time. Based on this, sounds, graphics or vibrations are used as rewards to train it to ‎improve functions presented as changes in EEG rhythms (Demos, 2019). The changes are usually ‎incremental, which could require up to 40 weeks to achieve the desired results, and which is not ‎assured. In a similar way, photobiomodulation (PBM) of the brain can also trains brain rhythms. ‎However, PBM achieves this very rapidly – usually in a single 20-minute session with no negative side ‎effects (Saltmarche et al, 2017).     In PBM, near infrared (NIR) light directed to the default mode ‎network (DMN) at selected pulses could produce large brain responses (Chao, 2019). This has been ‎suggested in studies involving dementia and acute cognitive processing. We carried out controlled ‎studies that specifically explored neural response to 40 Hz (Gamma) (Zomorrodi et al, 2019) and 10 Hz ‎‎(Alpha) directed to the DMN of healthy subjects. In the Gamma EEG study, it was found that the power ‎spectrum and connectivity of alpha, beta and gamma increased significantly. Surprisingly, the opposite ‎was found for the slower delta and theta bands where the power spectrum decreased with no ‎significant change in connectivity. In the meantime, there was a global increase in inhibition which is ‎often desirable (Zomorrodi et al, 2019).  In the Alpha study, the brain responded differently – only ‎the alpha band at around 10 Hz showed significant increase in power (Zomorrodi et al, 2020). Changes ‎in connectivity also increased in a similar way, in the alpha. These studies tell us that the brain not only ‎responds to PBM significantly, it does so in frequency-specific ways that are desired in NFB.    These ‎evidences suggest that PBM could be a potentially powerful adjunct to NFB practice. It also opens ‎investigations on how PBM’s parameters can be adjusted to address psychiatric conditions and even ‎enhance the performance of normal brains.‎

  • Hot Topics
  • Intermediate
  • ‎50% Clinical/50% Research‎


  • Improve and accelerate neurofeedback outcomes
  • For practitioners, clients should enjoy better satisfaction
  • Have tools and techniques of transcranial photobiomodulation to improve brain functions
  • Offer new options for neuro-modulation techniques

TARGET AUDIENCE: Neurofeedback researchers and practitioners, neuroscientists, neurologists, and ‎anyone interested in improving brain functions.‎

DIVERSITY CONSIDERATIONS: The applications discussed cut across all cultures. It shows that ‎notwithstanding cultural differences,the brain is a constant. It responds in the same way despite ‎cultural diversity, competence and multicultural issues.

BOS03: Effects of Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback on the Brain

Presented By:

  • Paul Lehrer, PhD
  • Richard Gevirtz, PhD, BCB, honrary AAPB fellow

SESSION SYNOPSIS: This symposium reviews effects of heart rate variability  biofeedback (HRVB) on ‎modulation of negative emotion, and presents data showing how these effects are mediated by ‎changes in the brain. We present both original data and previous literature showing that HV ‎biofeedback (HRVB) has widespread effects on modulating negative emotion (anger, anxiety, ‎depression) while also improving human cognition and performance. We present evidence on neural ‎mediation of these effects. EEG studies have shown increases in alpha and theta rhythms, with ‎evidence for greater frontal left-right alpha assymetry suggesting greater activity in centers that ‎modulate emotion. Evoked potential data show similar effects. We also present two fMRI studies ‎showing that breathing at HRVB frequencies affects blood flow through the brain, particularly in ‎pathways connecting centers where emotion is generated (amygdala and insula) and modulated ‎‎(cingulate and prefrontal cortices), with some evidence for anatomical changes showing greater ‎connectivity between these structures.‎

  • Basic Science
  • Intermediate
  • ‎100% Research‎


  • Learn demonstrated  emotional effects of heart rate variability biofeedback (HRVB)‎
  • Learn how HRV biofeedback affects both brain blood flow, as measured by the FMRI, and brain ‎function as measured by EEG
  • Learn about HRVB effects on specific brain centers and how it appears to produce changes in ‎neuroanatomy

TARGET AUDIENCE: People interested in neural mediation of heart rate variability biofeedback effects

DIVERSITY CONSIDERATIONS: Not directly. It is applicable to all people.‎

ORAL01: Oral Presentations Session 1:

The following 15 to 30-minute abstract presentations will be featured:‎The following 15 to 30-minute abstract presentations will ‎be featured: Using Paced Breathing to Monitor Covid-19 ‎Symptoms:  A Pilot Study; Multimodal Stress Assessment ‎and Training Program to Enhance Performance; Heart ‎Rate Variability Biofeedback with Mindfulness for Military ‎Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Pilot Study; HRV ‎Biofeedback in Healthcare Workers: A Pilot Feasibility ‎Study; Psycho-Physiological Indicators of Biological ‎Ageing;  A Study on Invasive and Non-Invasive Biomarkers1. Breathing Is Not always in Phase with Heart Rate Variability During Resonance Frequency ‎Breathing ‎‎2. Using Paced Breathing to Monitor Covid-19 Symptoms:  A Pilot Study‎   2. Multimodal Stress ‎Assessment and Training Program to Enhance Performance   4. Psycho-Physiological Indicators of ‎Biological Ageing;  A Study on Invasive and Non-Invasive Biomarkers

Using Paced Breathing to Monitor Covid-19 Symptoms:  A Pilot Study‎

Presented By: ‎

  • Linda Bolin, PhD, MSN, RN, ANP, FAHA
  • Amelia Saul, PhD, LRT/CTRS
  • Christina Brown-Bochicchio, PhD/CTRS

SESSION SYNOPSIS: Currently, little is known about how COVID-19 impacts physical and mental health ‎while recovering at home. The clinical trajectory of COVID-19 is variable. Those manifesting significant ‎respiratory function compromise are admitted to the hospital. There are no means to monitor COVID-‎‎19 patients’ cardiovascular risk, physical changes, or symptoms when quarantined at home. This study ‎examines the efficacy of a telehealth monitoring system using heart rate variability (HRV) and paced ‎breathing to monitor/manage physiological and psychological symptoms. This pilot study is a quasi-‎experimental repeated measures design examining the differences in HRV and oxygen saturation ‎‎(SpO2) over the two-week intervention period. Seven participants aged 41 ± 17.8, 71% female (n = 5), ‎‎86% Caucasian (n = 6) were asked to practice paced breathing (6 breaths per minute) for 10 minutes, ‎twice a day for 14 days. Participants used a HRV sensor and tablet to practice at-home.  Telehealth ‎services were provided to monitor and provide feedback to participants. The preliminary results ‎demonstrated improvement of SpO2 within 12 days of positive diagnosis of COVID-19. In addition, ‎participants reported minimal anxiety and shortness of breath and no increase in substance use or ‎smoking. None of the participants were admitted to the hospital. I. Due to the clinical trajectory of ‎COVID-19 being extremely unpredictable, a person can test positive for the virus and have no or mild ‎symptoms and self-quarantine at home. Unfortunately, a sudden decline in the patient’s condition can ‎occur causing a rapid cascade of events, requiring quick or even emergent interventions. Recognizing ‎those at highest risk for early intervention could prevent cardiorespiratory injury. In addition, future ‎research should examine HRV in those patients with COVID-19 who are still experiencing symptoms ‎after the 14-day self-quarantine period.‎

  • Clinical Interventions and Optimal Performance
  • Introductory
  • ‎40% Clinical/60% Research


  • Identify three ways Covid-19 may affect physiological functioning‎
  • Describe a piloted protocol to help monitor Covid-19 symptoms‎
  • Summarize the presented protocol for potential application in attendees own environment

TARGET AUDIENCE: The target audience for this session can be any practitioner who is interested in ‎learning more about the effects of Covid-19 on HRV. In addition, the session is appropriate for all ‎attendees including students.‎

DIVERSITY CONSIDERATIONS: Covid-19 has impacted all demographics, but specifically has ‎disproportionately affected individuals of ethnic minority backgrounds and lower socioeconomic ‎status. This presentation seeks to address the individuality of Covid-19 symptoms across all races and ‎ethnicities.‎


HRV Biofeedback in Healthcare Workers: A Pilot Feasibility Study

Presented By: ‎

  • Janell L Mensinger, PhD, FAED
  • Mary Ann Cantrell, PhD, RN, CNE, ANEF, FAAN
  • Guy Weissinger, PhD, RN

SESSION SYNOPSIS: Eating disorders (EDs) are severe mental illnesses doubling in prevalence over the ‎past two decades—now impacting 1 in every 13 people globally; far greater suffer from subthreshold ‎eating problems. Methods to prevent the escalation of subthreshold problems from becoming full-‎blown EDs are sorely needed, especially given the lack of specialist providers to meet the current ‎demands for ED care. Research suggests interoception—the capacity to detect and respond to signals ‎from the body—is disrupted in those with EDs. Though there is limited evidence on the relationship ‎between heart rate variability (HRV) and interoception, it is theoretically plausible that superior ‎interception would predict improved vagal tone. Data on HRV and disordered eating/EDs are mixed ‎and sometimes paradoxical, thus marking an area that is ripe for research advancement. HRV ‎biofeedback could be a potential method for both ED prevention and enhancing stress management in ‎individuals with disordered eating. The present study seeks to begin addressing this gap with a ‎feasibility trial aiming to test a preliminary conceptual model by examining the acceptability and ‎potential efficacy of HRV biofeedback for healthcare workers reporting disordered eating. Beginning in ‎June/July, we will recruit 28 eligible participants via email from a registry of healthcare providers ‎enrolled in an ongoing study of the health effects of working during the COVID-19 pandemic. The ‎study overview and consent to enroll will occur via Zoom. Online questionnaires at baseline, midpoint, ‎and post-intervention will provide measurements of the constructs for testing the conceptual model. ‎Participants will be registered in an app that records daily HRV readings, trends, and biofeedback ‎practice in an online dashboard for study personnel to follow. Weekly check-ins with participants will ‎discuss progress, barriers and facilitators of using HRV biofeedback. Generalized estimating equations ‎will be applied to analyze changes in outcomes and potential mechanisms of effects.‎

  • Basic Science (All Levels)‎
  • Introductory
  • ‎20% Clinical/80% Research‎


  • Describe the study protocol to test the feasibility of implementing an HRV biofeedback intervention in ‎healthcare providers with disordered eating
  • Summarize three hypothesized mechanisms by which HRV biofeedback potentially improves ‎disordered eating and self-care in healthcare providers
  • Discuss barriers, facilitators, and the general experience of using HRV biofeedback for healthcare ‎providers
  • Demonstrate preliminary results (if available) of pre-to-post change in HRV, perceptions of stress, ‎disordered eating, and self-care behaviors

TARGET AUDIENCE: This is a talk that will likely appeal to both researchers and clinicians. While the ‎primary purpose is to describe the protocol of the feasibility study, I will also present the conceptual ‎model, the early results, and discuss the successes and barriers to using HRV biofeedback in this ‎population.‎

DIVERSITY CONSIDERATIONS: While the proposal is not DIRECTLY addressing issues of cultural ‎diversity, it is important to say, like all of my research, given the constructs measured (e.g., body ‎appreciation, intuitive eating, self-compassion) this study is conducted from a weight-inclusive care ‎lens (Tylka et al., 2014). Weight-inclusive care is a social justice-oriented framework that recognizes ‎systems of oppression and the marginalization of certain bodies and identities in our culture, including ‎racial and ethnic minorities. Moreover, it is a framework that appreciates the intersectional nature of ‎systemic and institutionalized oppression and thereby underscores matters of health equity and ‎access to care for all. The model views health as multi-dimensional and grounded in socio-cultural ‎processes (ie, social determinants are central factors to health outcomes). While upholding this ‎broader social justice lens, 'weight-inclusive care' specifically supports the health of people across the ‎weight spectrum by seeking to end the stigmatization of weight-related health problems, weight-‎related discrimination, bias, and iatrogenic practices within healthcare and other health-related ‎industries.    Tylka, T. L., Annunziato, R. A., Burgard, D., Daníelsdóttir, S., Shuman, E., Davis, C., & ‎Calogero, R. M. (2014). The weight-inclusive versus weight-normative approach to health: evaluating ‎the evidence for prioritizing well-being over weight loss. Journal of Obesity, 2014, 983495. ‎‎

Multimodal Stress Assessment and Training Program to Enhance Performance

Presented By:

  • Dejan Stankovic, Ed.D, BCB‎

SESSION SYNOPSIS: People approach performance challenges with technique practice and content ‎study often overlooking the profound impact stress can have on outcomes. The use of stress ‎management techniques as an adjunct to study and practice can substantially enhance performance.      ‎Here we report several years of evolving work using an innovative multi-modal stress management ‎approach in over 80 participants. In the first of eight sessions a multimodal stress profile using galvanic ‎skin response, heart rate, skin temperature, and respiration was used to identify one highly impacted ‎physiological response. Next the participant was taken through a multimodal stress management ‎profile trialing various mindfulness-based techniques. That technique having the greatest impact on ‎the initial and consistently reaffirmed stress response was then used for training in the remaining ‎sessions. Training was thus individualized and, through the practitioner, also task-specific.      This self-‎selected diverse cohort enhanced performance across assorted activities. The group included ‎students, athletes, musicians, and workers. Our program continually advanced with serial ‎modifications and progressive automation. In 2019 we first formalized evaluation with a questionnaire ‎sent to 50 participants from the latest five years of our program. Forty-three responded. Substantial ‎satisfaction was confirmed by high Net Promoter Scores with no detractors and this considerable ‎response rate.     Twelve of the forty-three participants who replied were students aiming to enhance ‎standard test performance. These were able and well-prepared individuals whose unrepresentative ‎scores had plateaued on repeat tests prior to entering our program. All expressed satisfaction and ‎post-program standardized SAT and ACT scores rose, on average, 56% from pre-program scores.     ‎These results show that this innovative multimodal approach can accurately measure stress, and ‎accurately identify and implement a uniquely impactful mindfulness training technique for each ‎participant, which can then result in improved performance on standardized testing.  Furthermore, ‎this post hoc subset analysis in the setting of universally high satisfaction scores among the remaining ‎participants supports program success in the other groups.‎

  • Clinical Interventions and Optimal Performance
  • Intermediate
  • ‎100% Research‎


  • Design and analyze an individualized stress profile and stress management profile;‎
  • Compute and select the most effective mindfulness technique for each participant;‎
  • Plan and utilize training sessions from the profiles to manage stress and enhance performance;‎
  • Explain a subset of outcome results, that will demonstrate the efficacy of the training

TARGET AUDIENCE: The people that should attend:  -Educators, Clinicians, Coaches and Trainers ‎interested in Enhancing Performance using Biofeedback. Interested in Mindfulness as a performance ‎enhancement techinque.  -Educators, Clinicians, or Assistants interested in stress management and ‎enhancing performance. In addition, use the tecnhiques presented with of their patients, users or ‎students.‎

DIVERSITY CONSIDERATIONS: Stress is universal and can affect anyone. The work that I proposed has ‎been done with 80 participants that range from different backgrounds, different cultures and different ‎economic status. The ability to share my work with the conference attendees would inform them of ‎the ability to use biofeedback and mindfulness to help manage stress and enhance performance that ‎is applicable to everyone.‎

Psycho-Physiological Indicators of Biological Ageing;  A Study on Invasive and Non-Invasive Biomarkers

Presented By:

  • Sadaf Ahmed, PhD

SESSION SYNOPSIS: Since the phenomenon of ageing is multi-causal, a single indicator alone cannot ‎predict biological ageing. The objective of our study was to evaluate various invasive & noninvasive ‎psycho-physiological indicators in healthy subjects of Karachi & to find their correlates. This study was ‎in line with UN SDG 2030 plan; Goal 3.D ―strengthen the capacity of all countries, in particular ‎developing countries, for early warning, risk reduction and management of national and global health ‎risk. In a cross-sectional study, 412 subjects of both genders who fulfilled our inclusion criteria were ‎studied for Physical Performance Test, Cognitive Impairment Test, verbal fluency test, Digit symbol ‎substitution test, Olfactory Performance, Grip Strength in relation with HbA1C,  BDNF,  Cortisol and IL ‎‎6. It was found that among psychophysiological (non-invasive) indicators verbal fluency, associative ‎learning ability, olfactory performance, grip strength decreased with age. The majority of subjects ‎were found to have weak grip strength & low olfactory performance in all age groups. While the mean ‎serum BDNF levels also declined with age, along with the significant increase in mean cortisol, IL-6 and ‎HbA1c in advancing age. A significant relation between characteristics including gender, education, ‎marital status, obesity (BMI), age group, the socioeconomic class was found to be influencing several ‎of these indicators of ageing, which highlights the impact of lifestyle on the biological ageing process. It ‎was concluded that Physiological Indicators (invasive biochemical estimates) and Psychophysiological ‎‎(non-invasive) Indicators, both were found to be significantly correlated with the process of ageing as ‎well as highlighted the impact of chronological ageing, socioeconomic status, and lifestyle factors on ‎the biological ageing process. These Indicators can be used as standards in diverse populations to ‎identify accelerated biological ageing among apparently healthy individuals.‎

  • Basic Science (All Levels)‎
  • Introductory
  • ‎10% Clinical/90% Research


  • The possible association of physiological indicators about chronological age, thereby predicting ‎accelerated biological ageing.‎
  • The reasons of how the psychophysiological changes in the ageing individuals are the outcomes of ‎environmental factors.‎
  • the correlates among psycho-physiological indicators in promoting healthy biological ageing and the ‎importance of lifestyle.‎

TARGET AUDIENCE: All basic and clinical researchers interested in the psychophysiological aspects of ‎healthy ageing and wellbeing.‎

DIVERSITY CONSIDERATIONS: The study has been conducted in Karachi, which is an economic hub of ‎Pakistan. So the participants we diversely selected and included without any gender-based biases and ‎beliefs or long-standing religious and cultural traditions. However, the study findings are very helpful ‎and clearly indicating the profound impact of socio-economic status on quality of ageing. This will be ‎helpful in raising awareness among locals regarding the science of accelerated biological ageing, which ‎otherwise stay disguised in chronological age boundaries. Suitable changes in lifestyle (much more a ‎cultural thing in Pakistan) can then be suggested to promote healthy ageing by addressing the ‎underlying modifiable risk factors.‎

12 pm - 1:30 pm‎


‎12 pm - 1:30 pm‎

LL01: Biofeedback and Neuromodulation-modalities: A Personalized Approach, ‎Applicable to a Culturally Diverse Population

Presented By: ‎

  • Genomary Krigbaum-Pérez, PsyD, BCB, DAAETS, FAAPB, LP

SESSION SYNOPSIS: Personalized approaches to healthcare delivery have been highlighted in the ‎clinical and research literature. Starting in biomedicine, with personalized medicine, and evolving into ‎a multi-factor framework that includes, genetics, brain structure/function, cognition, psychological and ‎personal factors. Personalizing protocols in healthcare delivery take into account that ‎psychophysiological, cultural variability exists among a diverse population of individuals, which plays a ‎clinically significant factor in their care and recovery.  In clinical work, a personalized approach, not ‎only positively influences the prescriptive nature of the (health) intervention, but also its course and ‎efficacy. Biofeedback and neuromodulation-modalities lend themselves to a personalized approach ‎aligned with P4 medicine tenets; keying on customized protocols targeting individuals’ (markers) ‎baseline functioning towards their optimal zone of functioning. To deliver personalized, customized ‎protocols, is important to be informed on the science, modality, ethics and clinical best practices ‎involved. Representative deidentified case samples and protocols will be presented.

  • Hot Topics
  • Introductory
  • ‎100% Clinical‎


  • Describe 3 key aspects of Biofeedback as a personalized approach.‎
  • Explain differences in prescriptive-personalized protocols, in a culturally diverse population; and
  • Identify 2 Biofeedback prescriptive-personalized protocols.‎

TARGET AUDIENCE: Those who are new in the field, clinicians or those interested in applied clinical ‎research.‎

DIVERSITY CONSIDERATIONS: The focus of the presentation is on Biofeedback and Neuromodulation-‎modalities: A Personalized Approach, Applicable to a Culturally Diverse Population. The science, ‎modality, ethics and clinical best practices involved will be discussed.‎

12:30 - 1 pm‎


‎1:35pm – 2:35pm ‎     60-MINUTE BREAKOUT SESSIONS - SYMPOSIA

BOS04: Threat, Recovery & Flow: Adjusting Your HRV Set-point for Adaptation

Presented By: ‎

  • JP (Jack) Ginsberg, PhD, Licensed Clinical Psychologist/Neuropsychologist
  • Raouf Gharbo, DO

SESSION SYNOPSIS: This presentation proposes that there are three principles controlling how the ‎physiology of emotion regulates our adaptation to social and physical stimulation from the ‎environment. The three principles are:  1. Energy is Finite - the first law of thermodynamics applied to ‎the biology of living organisms.  2. Emotions are Tools - emotions are energy tools to help us adapt ‎socially.  3. Dualism is Dynamic – autonomic physiology is not binary or linear, but rather dynamic with ‎two independent levers. Assuming heart rate variability (HRV) parameters are pragmatic measures of ‎parasympathetic health, then these three principles allow us to explore various categories of ‎physiological-emotional states that the brain can interpret and apply in adaptation to the environment ‎in countless ways. ‘Flow’ refers to spontaneous and effortless absorption in an activity, and has ‎psycho-physiological correlates, including HRV.  How flow is relevant to dealing with environmental ‎threat and subsequent recovery by adjusting the adaptive set-point of an individual from moment to ‎moment, in accordance with the three principles of the physiology of emotion, will be discussed.‎

  • Clinical Interventions and Optimal Performance
  • Introductory
  • ‎70% Clinical/30% Research‎


  • Design/methodology for examining the effects of Mindfulness Biofeedback on selective attention.‎
  • Compare traditional EDA/equipment with new FDA approved equipment at the wrist site
  • Understand EDA Mindfulness Biofeedback through the theoretical lens of  reappraisal process of ‎emotion regulation
  • Be able to explain the differences between effectiveness of MB on attention an how the mediator ‎influences the results

TARGET AUDIENCE: Researchers, Clinicians

DIVERSITY CONSIDERATIONS: Suggestions for future studies to include the current design that is used ‎for scholar athletes, to different group

BOS06: Alpha the Brain Barometer -The Role of Alpha in Determining Brain Health: Emergent Models & ‎Markers of Brain Deregulation, Disorganization, Standard and Optimal Function

Presented By: ‎

  • Mari Swingle, PhD Clin Psych

SESSION SYNOPSIS: Alpha has long been established as a marker for brain efficiency... and inefficiency. ‎‎10/20  location, amplitude and comparative ratios are often analyzed and fine tuned or otherwise re-‎trained in the treatment of depression, PTSD, educational difficulties/ADHD, addiction, and fine tuned ‎for the release of creative process, peak and optimal performance. Clinical research is now showing ‎the emergence of new patterns of Alpha.  Morphology often ignored and misinterpreted as artifact ‎may indeed be large amplitude Alpha. Previously, these Alpha patterns were only seen in specific ‎seizure disorders and with excessive marijuana use/abuse. These atypical patterns are now being seen ‎in in concussed patients (Donaldson, 2019) and clients with excessive interactive screen use/addiction ‎‎(Swingle, M. 2012/3).  It is possible that this specific large amplitude Alpha deregulation is not ailment ‎specific but rather a signal of extreme brain deregulation. This presentation will explore the role of ‎Alpha in excellence (optimal functioning & peak performance) through to known deregulation and ‎intervention followed by a series of case studies exploring high Alpha amplitude deregulation, ‎implications for further study, and treatment.‎

  • Hot Topics
  • Intermediate
  • ‎50% Clinical/50% Research‎


  • Explore the multidimensional aspects of Alpha throughout the brain
  • Learn 'traditional' markers of Alpha in excellence/peak & optimal performance
  • learn 'traditional 'markers of Alpha in brain inefficiency e.g., ADHD, PTSD,‎
  • Identify Alpha patters associated with disorganization

TARGET AUDIENCE: Neurotherapists and clinicians interested in training optimal brain function.    ‎Neurotherapists and clinicians interested in addressing brain deregulation due to multiple causes.‎

DIVERSITY CONSIDERATIONS: This proposal will not separately address the above issues rather they ‎are inherent in the understanding of presenting clients issues --as such they will be discussed in ‎tandem.‎

BOS07: Bringing Results Home: Using Portable Neurofeedback and Virtual Reality Devices to Improve Patient ‎Treatment Adherence

Presented By: ‎

  • Robert Reiner, PhD, BCB, BCN, Psychologist
  • Heather Davidson, PsyD, BCN
  • Scott Lloyd, PhD, BCB, BCN

SESSION SYNOPSIS: Technology has evolved over the last 30 years in clinical practice. Dr. Reiner and his ‎team have been at the forefront of this evolution and have been integral in adapting principles of ‎learning theory from the behaviorists to include new technology such as biofeedback, neurofeedback, ‎virtual reality, magnetic and photic stimulation. This combined approach has provided patients with ‎great capacity to regulate a variety of common psychological complaints from depression to anxiety ‎with greater speed and efficiency. qEEG brain mapping has given us a tremendous ability to provide ‎insight for patients into their psychological issues with a higher degree of specificity. We have all been ‎amazed by the results seen by committed patients who complete a full course of neurofeedback ‎training in the office. But with 20-­40 sessions on average necessary to maintain gains with training 2 ‎to 3 times per week in the office this perceived cost and time expenditure can seem daunting for ‎many. Using a modified muse headset powered by Myndlift neurofeedback software paired with an ‎external electrode now neurofeedback can be done remotely. Similarly, Phobic anxiety is best treated ‎by exposure therapy, but clients balk at the thought of going into an elevator or plane. Virtual reality is ‎an immersive and portable solution. Powered by mobile phones and controlled via an online web ‎platform the clinician can now reach beyond the limits of the office and help provide the consistency ‎necessary for real change. In our cutting edge presentation we will take aspiring clinicians through case ‎presentations, protocols and hands-­on demonstrations with the latest tech.‎

  • Hot Topics
  • Intermediate
  • ‎70% Clinical/30% Research‎


  • Summarize history of learning theory and evolution of technology in the treatment of phobias
  • Utilize common protocols for treating adults and children using bio, neurofeedback, virtual reality and ‎photobiomodulation.‎
  • Practice how to translate data obtained in the lab to deploy in home training devices

TARGET AUDIENCE: Those looking to attend should have a strong interest in learning about and using ‎technology in clinical practice. They should have a basic knowledge of psychological disorders and ‎conditions and common cognitive and behavioral treatment practices.‎

DIVERSITY CONSIDERATIONS: The presenters will provide support for attendees in adapting their ‎practices to include technology with a variety of options depending on cultural context, economic ‎resources and different physical and mental strengths and challenges.‎


Wednesday, March 23, 2022‎

Thursday, March 24, 2022‎

Friday, March 25, 2022‎

Friday March 25, 2022 CONTINUED

Saturday, March 26, 2022‎

Saturday, March 26, 2022 CONTINUED

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