Stump Pain

Overview & Efficacy: Several small studies have shown that biofeedback based treatments which successfully teach people to control abnormal spasms and blood flow in the residual limb (stump) can reduce or eliminate cramping and burning descriptions of phantom pain but not shocking - shooting descriptions of phantom pain.

This therapy is rated as possibly efficacious (level 3 on a scale of 1 - 5 with 5 being the best).

For more information on how efficacy is rated click here.

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