Module 1: History and Principles

Covers Blueprint Area I: Orientation to Biofeedback

4 hours:
AAPB Members / $40 Non Members for downloadable pdf
$15 AAPB Members / $20 Non Members for online exam

If you need to retake the exam you will need to reorder the exam or contact

John Arena, PhD
Trishul Devineni, PhD

This module is designed to help you:

  • Discuss biofeedback as a psychophysiological intervention.
  • Describe the development of biofeedback as a science.
  • Review basic principles of biofeedback training.
  • Critique three primary theories of clinical biofeedback training.
  • Analyze methods for determining the efficacy of biofeedback treatments.


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