Brief summary of evidence supporting the efficacy of biofeedback for chronic pain:
Sherman (2004) recently reviewed the literature on efficacy of psychophysiological approaches to assessing chronic pain problems and of biofeedback based interventions for treating them. He has also written a "white paper" on the topic which is available elsewhere on this web site. Each chronic pain condition needs to be considered separately as different problems are differently amenable to psychophysiological assessment and biofeedback intervention. Each chronic pain disorder may have numerous underlying problems which result in very similar symptoms. For example, jaw area pain can be caused by problems in the jaw joint, the teeth, jaw area muscles, etc. Biofeedback is highly effective for treating pain due to jaw area muscle dysfunctions but not for problems in the joint itself. People interested in this topic may wish to read the white paper which can be reached by clicking the button below.