Detailed information on biofeedback augmented treatment of elimination disorders:
A. Citations to the papers summarized in the "brief summary":
Burgio, K.L., Locher, J.L., & Goode, P.S. (2000). Combines behavioral and drug therapy for urge incontinence in older women. Journal of the American Geriatric Society, 48(4), 370-374.
Burgio, K.L., Locher, J.L., Goode, P.S., Hardin, J.M., McDowell, B.J., Dombrowski, M., et al. (1998). Behavioral vs drug treatment for urge urinary incontinence in older women: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Association, 280(23), 1995-2000.
Burns, P.A., Pranikoff, K., Nochajski, T.H., Hadley, E.C., Levy, K.J., & Ory, M.G. (1993). A comparison of effectiveness of biofeedback and pelvic muscle exercise treatment of stress incontinence in older community-dwelling women. Journal of Gerontology, 48(4), M167-174.
Dougherty, M.C., Dwyer, J.W., Pendergast, J.F., Boyington, A.R., Tomlinson, B.U., Coward, et al. (2002). A randomized trial of behavioral management for continence with older rural women. Research in Nursing and Health, 25(1), 3-13.
Glavind, K., Nohr, S.B., & Walter, S. (1996) Biofeedback and physiotherapy versus physiotherapy alone in the treatment of genuine stress urinary incontinence. International Urogynecologic Journal of Pelvic Floor Dysfunction, 7(6), 339-343.
McDowell, B.J., Engberg, S., Sereika, S., Donovan, N., Jubeck, M.E., Weber, E., et al. (1999). Effectiveness of behavioral therapy to treat incontinence in homebound older adults. Journal of the American Geriatric Society, 47(3), 309-318.
Palsson O., Heymen S., &Whitehead W. (2004). Biofeedback Treatment for Functional Anorectal Disorders: A Comprehensive Efficacy Review. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback 29: 153 – 174.
Sherman, R.A., Davis, G.D., & Wong, M.F. (1997). Behavioral treatment of exercise-induced urinary incontinence among female soldiers. Military Medicine, 162(10), 690-704.
Sung, M.S., Hong, J.Y., Choi, Y.H., Baik, S.H., Yoon, H. (2000). FES-biofeedback versus intensive pelvic floor muscle exercise for the prevention and treatment of genuine stress incontinence. Journal of Korean Medical Science, 15(3), 303-08.
Weatherall, M. (1999). Biofeedback or pelvic floor muscles exercise for female genuine stress incontinence: A meta-analysis of trials identified in a systematic review. British Journal of Urology, International 83(9), 1015-1016.
Wyman, J.F., Fantl, J.A., McClish, D.K., & Bump, R.C. (1998). Comparative efficacy of behavioral interventions in the management of female urinary incontinence. Continence Program for Women Research Group. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 179(4), 999-1007.